Genius Soy Sauce

1.Guk-Ganjang 

mixture ) and brine. The mixture of meju (freshly boiled and mashed soyben) is left for 2-3 months outside in the cold winter months in Korea until the liquid becomes black. The taste is richer and saltier, also the colour is much lighter than regular soy sauce.

How to use them

This is for seasoning soup, boiled vegetable called Namul and salads called Muchim .

2. Jin Ganjang (a mix of chemically produced soy sauce)

This mass produced  soy sauce is called Ganjang, Whe-Ganjang or Jin-Ganjang : It is similar to the soy sauce you see on every supermarket shelf

How to use them

They make a great marinade or can be splashed into stews or used in sauces for meat and vegetables such as, stir-frying, braising, marinating and grilling or dipping sauce.

3. Mat Ganjang or Jorim Ganjang  (flavoured or seasoned soy sauce)

This  is the most commonly used in Korean dishes. It is much less salty compared to regular or Guk Ganjang. This is regular sauce diluted  and boiled with  some vegetable and some dry fish and starch syrup or sugar added. It is easy to use in any Korean dishes for seasoning.

4. Sempio soy sauce for soup base (soba)  

There are many flavoured Soy sauces for cold noodles or Japanese soba. This Sempio brand which I got from a Korean supermarket in the UK  worked well  for my Genius Soy Sauce. Japanese Tsuyu Soba sauce is similar.

To make Genius soy sauce  What you need to buy is

Mat Ganjang 맛 간장 or Jorim Ganjang 조림 간장 (flavoured or seasoned soy sauce) and add Korean Sempio soy sauce for soup base 

You can use this sauce for  salad , in bibimbap, with pan-fried fish, pancake or as dipping sauce for spring rolls.

Why is soy sauce black when soybeans are not? In making soy sauce, protein from soybeans breaks down into amino acids. This reaction results in a black coloured substance.

Korean Fried Chicken

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Try this dish; this is much healthier than KFC!

Breadcrumbs are important is creating the texture for fried chicken and for me, the Korean style breadcrumbs are the best.

So how are Korean breadcrumbs different to the English variety?

In Korea, we use the Japanese style of breadcrumbs “Pang Garu”  called in Japanese “Panko” which are made from crust-less bread whereas English breadcrumbs are not.

I have tried a lot of times to use both types of breadcrumbs for fried chicken, vegetables or fish. I have found that Korean breadcrumbs are much lighter, crunchier, stick better, cooks a more golden brown colour and retains its crispiness longer.  This also gives a less heavy and oily feel to the dish.

So whilst I would recommend using  breadcrumbs Korean style breadcrumbs this time I used the English style so it might be a little heavier then is ideal.
Continue reading “Korean Fried Chicken”

Yangnyeom Tongdak (Korean Fried chicken in spicy sweet and tangy sauce)

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This style of fried chicken is much more popular than KFC in Korea and is made by many different companies. So we can ask “What makes Korean fried chicken so different to anything else?”

It is much more lightly batted and super crispy compared to KFC. Most of all it is very addictive because of the Yangnyeom sticky sauce which is all of spicy, sweet, tangy, nutty, chewy and sticky.

Korean fried chicken typically has layers of thin batter. Despite it being fried food, Koreans try to cut down on their consumption of calories so less batter and thin batter are more attractive. I personally do not like heavily battered fried food either. For this reason I chose a method which does not use water since water leads to a thick batter. Instead I made a dry batter using a little bit of lemon juice and some chopped herbs and vegetables that together produces just enough liquid to lightly coat the chicken breast in flour leading to a thin layer of batter.

I also find that the batter flour that I buy from my local Korean supermarket is much crispier than normal flour.

The spicy sauce is very important to the recipe too, but in Korea we are given the choice of having the sauce mixed with the fried chicken or having it separately as a dipping sauce.

I have made this sauce five times recently and I am sharing this recipe so I hope you enjoy this most popular dish with a glass of beer.

Fried Chicken in Korea
Korean fried chicken is referred to as “Yangyeom” chicken. The sauce is called
“Yangyeom” and there are many major Korean fried chicken companies that have their own recipes but nevertheless the common taste is sweet and spicy.

Koreans are always thinking about their health at every meal, the fried chicken companies advertise their healthiness of their fried chicken recipes. So when you visit Korea you can taste the healthiest fried chicken in the world (believe it or not!)

This is one of the most popular home-delivered foods in Korea. You can order from the afternoon until 3-4 in the morning and they will deliver beer too if we ask (I miss this aspect of my culture a lot)

In Jeolla Province, Korea we often wrap our fried meat and small pieces of vegetables in lettuce leaves before popping them in our mouths so if you struggle to get your children to eat vegetables then you might try this. “Ssam” literally means wrapped in a leaf lettuce such as Oka leaf, Bay leaf, little Gems or even herbs such as flat leaf parsley together with some chives or baked garlic.

You really need to try this dish with a glass of beer (a cold lager). How many times now have I mentioned our glass of beer? You are going to love it because this food is so addictive.

This dish is dangerously delicious!I wish with my poor English that I could better express this and convince you to attempt to cook this food immediately. Watch out for a very full tummy when you try this delicious, authentic dish.

For the Yangnyeom (sweet and spicy sauce)
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Finely chop all the vegetables mango, (or apple), leeks, shallots, garlic and fresh chilies and place on a plate.

Heat a deep pan on a low heat for a minute and add a tablespoon of butter.

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We are going to add each of the chopped vegetables sequentially in this order

garlic →shallots→ leeks → mango (or apple)→ chilli into the pan.

Stir each ingredient for 20-30 seconds on a high heat with a wooden spoon and add next one to bring out the flavour of the each ingredient

Turn down the heat to medium to low.

Season the sauce with the Korean chilli paste, ketchup, soy sauce, sugar, ginger, syrup, wine and the 100ml of water.

Stir the sauce for 5 minutes on a medium heat. Then simmer the sauce for another 5 minutes on a low heat.

Do keep the heat low and stir if necessary to prevent the sauce from burning.

You will notice that the sauce becomes light and creamy.

Mix separately and thoroughly 1 tsp (teaspoon) of corn flour with 1 tbsp (tablespoon) of cold  water then add to the simmering sauce and stir for another two minutes.

Now our Korean fried chicken spicy, sweet and tangy sauce is completed.

You can keep this sauce in your fridge for up to a week

Tip. We can use this sauce for fried tofu, fried squid and many other dishes too.

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Frying the  Chicken Breast

Dice the chicken breast into mouthful sized pieces and lay them on a large plate.

Season the chicken with a mix of finely chopped garlic, shallots and parsley adding lemon juice, salt, pepper and the lemon peel.

Set the chicken aside for 10 to 20 minutes to marinate.

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Add 4 tablespoons of Korean frying starch powder (flour) to the marinated chicken and rub it thoroughly over the pieces and leave it for around 7 minutes.

Add another 4 tablespoons of flour and rub again then leave them another 5 minutes for the flour to settle into the surface of the chicken.

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The best flour I found is this brand from my Korean supermarket but normal flour will work.
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We are going to fry the battered chicken breast pieces three times in total.

First deep fry the chicken in batches for 1 or 2 minutes until a light brown in colour.

Be careful because the oil will spit if you add too much at once.

Lift out the chicken and drain any excess oil on to paper towels

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Then deep fry in batches again for another 2 minutes or until the chicken breast is crisp and golden brown in colour.

Try a sample for taste and that it is cooked properly throughout.

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For the last (and third time) fry again until they are crisp and golden brown.

When the chicken is done, reheat the sauce and coat the chicken breast using a wooden spoon.

You can serve the chicken half with sauce and half without like in my first picture.

Sprinkle some roasted pine nuts (or chopped pistachios) over the top of the sauce and serve immediately.

Preparation time: Less than 1 hour

Cooking time: Less than 30 minutes

Serves: 2 – 4

Ingredients

You will need to buy these ingredients from a Korean super market:

  • Gochujang (Red pepper paste)
  • Teakim garu (Mixed starch flour for frying)

For the Yangnyeom ( sweet and spicy sauce)

Vegetables for the sauce

  • 15 g finely chopped mango or apple
  • 15 g finely chopped leeks
  • 7 g finely chopped shallots
  • 1 teaspoon grated garlic
  • ½  teaspoon  grated Thai chilli red peppers

Water and seasoning for the sauce

  • ½ tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon brown sugar
  • ½ teaspoon powder ginger
  • 100 ml water
  • 20 g tomato ketchup
  • 2 tablespoon golden syrup
  • 1 tablespoon red wine
  • 1 tablespoon Korean chilli paste

Thickening for the sauce

  • 1 teaspoon corn flour
  • 1 tablespoon water

For the Marinated Chicken Breast

  • 400 g chicken breast
  • 5 g grated garlic
  • 5 g finely chopped shallots
  • 5 g finely chopped fresh parsley or celery leaves
  • 5 g finely chopped lemon peel
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • Pinch  salt (very little)
  • Pinch  black pepper
  • 8 tablespoons mixed starch flour (Teakim garu)
  • pine nuts (or pistachio)