Genius Soy Sauce

1.Guk-Ganjang 

mixture ) and brine. The mixture of meju (freshly boiled and mashed soyben) is left for 2-3 months outside in the cold winter months in Korea until the liquid becomes black. The taste is richer and saltier, also the colour is much lighter than regular soy sauce.

How to use them

This is for seasoning soup, boiled vegetable called Namul and salads called Muchim .

2. Jin Ganjang (a mix of chemically produced soy sauce)

This mass produced  soy sauce is called Ganjang, Whe-Ganjang or Jin-Ganjang : It is similar to the soy sauce you see on every supermarket shelf

How to use them

They make a great marinade or can be splashed into stews or used in sauces for meat and vegetables such as, stir-frying, braising, marinating and grilling or dipping sauce.

3. Mat Ganjang or Jorim Ganjang  (flavoured or seasoned soy sauce)

This  is the most commonly used in Korean dishes. It is much less salty compared to regular or Guk Ganjang. This is regular sauce diluted  and boiled with  some vegetable and some dry fish and starch syrup or sugar added. It is easy to use in any Korean dishes for seasoning.

4. Sempio soy sauce for soup base (soba)  

There are many flavoured Soy sauces for cold noodles or Japanese soba. This Sempio brand which I got from a Korean supermarket in the UK  worked well  for my Genius Soy Sauce. Japanese Tsuyu Soba sauce is similar.

To make Genius soy sauce  What you need to buy is

Mat Ganjang 맛 간장 or Jorim Ganjang 조림 간장 (flavoured or seasoned soy sauce) and add Korean Sempio soy sauce for soup base 

You can use this sauce for  salad , in bibimbap, with pan-fried fish, pancake or as dipping sauce for spring rolls.

Why is soy sauce black when soybeans are not? In making soy sauce, protein from soybeans breaks down into amino acids. This reaction results in a black coloured substance.

Deep fried Tofu in Spicy Sweet and Tangy Sauce

FriedTofuBig
Removing the excess moisture from the tofu is the key to achieving crispy fried tofu.

You can use any firm tofu. I bought mine from a Korean supermarket but I also use it from Waitrose. I find Waitrose’s tofu is much firmer than most Korean ones.

FriedTofu2
Place the tofu block on either a bamboo mat so simply on your chopping board onto layers of kitchen towel.

Lay more kitchen towels or a slice of bread on top of the tofu, gently pressing down with your hand to remove the extra moisture.

Leave a small weight on top and soak up any water from the sides.

Remove the paper towels or break and then repeat with new ones to soak up and soak out the moisture as much as possible without crushing or crumbling the tofu block.

Slice the tofu into about 1 inch cubes. Lay the tofu cubes on two or three layers of kitchen towels as shown in picture.

Again remove excess moisture using more towels or sliced bread, patting the tofu gently and drain away the water.

Season the tofu cubes by sprinkling a pinch of black pepper and salt.

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The sauce we use is the same as sauce as in my Yangnyeom Tongdak recipe.

Prepare the sauce fully and then return to the tofu.

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We are going to coat the tofu cubes three times in total.

Add 4 tablespoons of Korean flour (or my alternative) to a shallow bowl and coat each tofu cube by rolling carefully in the flour then remove and set aside for 5 minutes.

Repeat this process twice adding more flour each time.

Try to avoid the tofu cubes sticking to each other.

FriedTofu4
We are going to fry the flour coated tofu three times in total.

When the oil is heated to at least 170-180 degrees C, carefully drop the coated tofu cubes into the hot oil for 1 or 2 minutes stirring occasionally until the coated tofu cubes become a light brown.

Remove with a slotted spoon and drain on paper towels.

Fry again and drain twice for one minute each time until the cubes are crisp and golden brown.

 
After the tofu is ready and placed in a serving bowl, reheat the sauce.

You have the choice of serving the sauce over the tofu on the side for dipping.
I like to provide both options so that there are two different textures available.

Sprinkle the some pine nuts or chopped pistachio and chopped chives on top of the sauce and serve immediately.

 Preparation time: Less than 1 hour

Cooking time: Less than 20 minutes

Serves: 2-4

Ingredients

  • Teakim garu (Mixed starch flour for frying) or alternatively flour (4tbs) +corn starch (4tbs)+ potatoes starch (4tbs)  + icing sugar (1ts) + cooking salt (1/2 ts)+  a pinch of white ground pepper + ground ginger powder + dried garlic powder
  • Firm Tofu
  • Vegetable oil

For the Yangnyeom ( sweet and spicy sauce)

Vegetables for the sauce

  • 15 g finely chopped mango or apple
  • 15 g finely chopped leeks
  • 7 g finely chopped shallots
  • 1 teaspoon grated garlic
  • ½ teaspoon grated Thai chilli red peppers

Water and seasoning for the sauce

  • ½ tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon brown sugar
  • ½ teaspoon powder ginger
  • 100 ml water
  • 20 g tomato ketchup
  • 2 tablespoon golden syrup
  • 1 tablespoon red wine
  • 1 tablespoon Korean chilli paste

Thickening for the sauce

  • 1 teaspoon corn flour
  • 1 tablespoon water